A first-hand tour of the Classic Team Lotus workshops.
During World War II, the skies above Norfolk, England, reverberated to the roar of heavily-laden bomber aircraft of the United States Army Air Forces taking off on bold and deadly daylight bombing raids over Germany and occupied Europe.
In 1966, the reverberations came not from aircraft, but Formula 1 racing cars when Team Lotus took up residency at the disused air base at Hethel.
Part of the runways and old link roads were fused into a test track where a list of luminaries laid down the ground work that would take Lotus to six world drivers’ and seven constructors’ championships.
The drivers? No less than Jim Clark, Graham Hill, Jochen Rindt, Emerson Fittipaldi, Mario Andretti, Nigel Mansell and Ayrton Senna.
Come the 21st century and Hethel is home to Classic Team Lotus (CTL), historic motor sport entity of the Lotus group of companies, working out of the same building from which Team Lotus operated.
CTL has some 20 (mostly Formula 1) cars in its custody and care, many of which compete in historic racing.
And, just four or five times a year, the workshop opens to a very limited number of enthusiasts for a two-hour guided tour.
A few years ago, I was privileged to be one of them.
The overall scene is a far cry from the uber-sanitised, aerospace-like environment that is a contemporary F1 facility.
A smell of grease and rubber pervades the air, the concrete floor is painted grey and grainy, blown-up images from the past adorn the brick and concrete walls.
Now, as then, this is where racing cars are expertly prepared to win.
Significantly, you get to see pretty much each car stripped down to its ‘tub’ on a work stand, minus bodywork and wheels etc.
This enables the method of construction (space frame, monocoque, ground effects or more modern carbon fibre) to be readily seen.
Our tour starts at the beginning of Lotus open wheeler construction with the Type 12 prototype, a front-engined 1.5-litre F2 car from 1957.
The tour guide – a senior CTL member – informs that it was built as design exercise and never entered competition, but is now being turned into a race car.
This is a historically significant machine, as is the nearby Type 21 driven by Innes Ireland to Team Lotus’ first F1 win, the 1961 US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen.
The late, great Jim Clark scored the first of his two world titles in 1963 driving the 1.5-litre Type 25 with its twin boom spaceframe chassis, a car that his mechanic of the day, Bob Dance, 83 years young, was still coming in to work on. And, yes, it’s there too.
In their British racing green and yellow livery and devoid of sponsor stickers, the aforementioned trio typify the pre-commercial era of F1.
From thereon, the appearance of the cars changed dramatically with the advent of multinational corporate backing, primarily big tobacco companies.
Decked out in the striking black-and-gold of JPS (John Player Special) is the Type 77 in which Mario Andretti defied monsoonal conditions to win the 1976 Japanese F1 GP.
It has an illustrious stablemate in the Type 78, which started the ground effects revolution in F1 and went on in the Italian-American’s talented hands to take the 1978 title.
By 1980, he was driving the Type 81 which boasted a monocoque tub with a much stiffer chassis.
The one on display also facilitated Nigel Mansell’s F1 debut.
“Nige used to play table tennis with the mechanics at lunchtime when he started as test driver,” our guide informs.
“He even used to make the tea and coffee.”
Indeed, there’s plenty to mark Isle of Man man’s time at Lotus: a carbon fibre tub in JPS colours and a Type 94 in the blue, red and silver of Essex sponsorship that he and Italian Elio de Angelis drove in 1983.
Then there’s the Type 91, the second carbon fibre F1 car (behind the McLaren MP4/) to be raced.
It’s also the first Lotus to have active suspension.
De Angelis won a thrilling Austrian GP in 1982 in this very car.
An engine is the heart of any car and from 1967, when it debuted with victory in Clark’s Lotus 49, until 1985 — the Cosworth V8 DFV provided the pulse of F1.