atlantic
atlantic

Atlantic swamped by sea of problems

Back in 1946 the British car industry was rebuilding after six years of World War II devastation.

Petrol rationing was still in place and raw materials were in short supply.

The Austin Motor Company’s chairman, Leonard Lord, was desperate for some export income to supplement the flat-lining revenue from depressed sales in the UK. 

He looked to the expanding economy in the USA and reasoned rightly that the growing number of affluent Yanks could be enticed to buy a British-made, luxury sports convertible — a ‘personal’ car.

So, the Austin Atlantic was conceived. 

The basis of the car was well founded.

 Its target market did exist, and was gradually being satisfied by Jaguar and MG.

 Lord wanted his share, and a bit more besides.

Legend has it that Lord sketched the car on a small bit of paper and gave it to his styling chief, Ricardo Burzi, and said “something like that, please.” 

What emerged from Burzi’s design studio in 1948 was a strikingly styled automobile, which is a polite way of saying it polarised opinion.

Burzi included all the relevant American design trends. 

There were sweeping front mudguards that flowed into the doors. 

A big strip of chrome went up the bonnet, imitating the ‘silver streak’ of the Pontiacs. 

Two chromed “ Flying A” Austin bonnet mascots pointing the way ahead.

So far, all good.

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Now for the downsides. 

Instead of two headlights there were three of them, and a letter box slot instead of a grille. 

This made the Atlantic look like a 1948 Tucker that had just sucked a lemon. 

This was not a good thing.

It was powered by a 2.6-litre four cylinder engine, pushing out a lowly 55kW. 

This was also not a good thing in a land that increasingly worshipped at the church of Our Lady of the V8.

Then there was the problem of the brakes, which were part mechanical and part hydraulic. 

Retardation of forward motion took almost as long as it took to cross the ocean after which the car was named. 

This was another thing that was not good. 

Mind you, if you could forget the weird front styling and lack of horsepower and brakes, the interior of the car was not too shabby. 

Gloriously appointed in leather and colour coordinated it boasted power windows and power-operated convertible roof, luxuries found only in Cadillacs, Packards and Lincolns of the day.

Making its debut at the Earls Court Motor Show in 1948, Lord thought the car would sell up a storm in the USA — but American car buyers disagreed. 

A Buick convertible had a V8, was three times more powerful, a metre longer and 10 per cent cheaper than the Atlantic. 

It was a no brainer for US car buyers who remained loyal to their longer, lower, wider, faster and cheaper V8s. 

In an effort to boost American sales, Austin built a hardtop coupe version and introduced hydraulic brakes for all four wheels.

It made no impact.

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Of the 8000 Atlantics built, just 350 were sold in the USA.

Quite a few were exported to Australia and other British colonies. 

Production ground to a halt in 1952.

Meanwhile, back at Austin, Mr Lord was left with a stockpile of spare four cylinder motors intended for the Atlantic. 

Again, not a good thing.

Then along came a likeable chap by the name of Donald Healey. 

He was looking for an engine to use in a new sports car he had on display at the 1952 Earls Court Motor Show.

In one of those great car making deals, the always entrepreneurial Lord suggested that in return for naming rights, he’d sell Healey the Atlantic’s motors and mechanicals at a ‘good price’. 

And the legend of the Austin-Healey 100 sports car was born.

These days Atlantics command respectable prices in the classic car markets.

There are an estimated 30 still running in Australia. 

They are prized classics and increasing in value.

Aside from the styling, the real problem for the Atlantic was that it was a couple of years ahead of its time and four cylinders short of success.

In 1955 Ford released a very similar-sized sports luxury ‘personal’ car, with a V8 engine.

They called it the Thunderbird. 

And the rest is automotive history.

David Burrell is the editor of retroautos.com.au

 

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  1. The problem with this article is it simply repeats allot of earlier somewhat biased opinions. So some facts. The Atlantic had a 4 speed gearbox and would run to around 95 mph standard in 1948. In 1948 most people drove Ford Prefects that had top speed of about 57 mph and a cruising speed of 45 mph. An Atlantic with cruise in excess of 70 mph all day. This was stunning performance in 1948. The engine is a modern overhead valve engine that was later raced at Le Mans. The cars were hand made but expensive for an Austin. Good performance but not Jaguar XK 120 performance. And that was the problem. Because while the Austin was a great car, the XK was a true sports car that only cost a little more. The XK only had 2 seats but the Austin’s back seats were only suitable for children really. Today they are sought after and ironically because of the Healey 100 a great restorable classic if you can find one. And today on radials they perform very well indeed and make a wonderful high speed tourer. Many members in Australia have driven them across the continent! And more cars are being restored by the faithful few! And today most consider them very pretty cars indeed if public opinion counts. The Atlantic’s design is actually based on a Alpha designed by Pinnafarina. It was this car that was bought by Austin and used as the basis for design onto the Austin platform. The design heritage from the swooping body, tail lights and interior is unmistakenly Pinnafarina.

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